Popular Political Party in Bengal
The politics of West Bengal has been dominated by the following political parties: –
1. Indian Trinamool Congress
2. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
3. Communist Party of India (Marxist)
4. Indian National Congress
History of Bengal Politics
Bengal was divided into two parts during the independence of India in 1947. West Bengal, a state in India and East Bengal, a part of Pakistan which later became independent Bangladesh.
The Indian National Congress (Congress Party) dominated the West Bengal government during nearly all of the state’s first three decades. In 1977, however, the Communist Party of India (Marxist; CPI-M) won a majority of seats in the state legislative elections and became the ruling party. The CPI-M remained in power as the world’s longest-serving democratically elected communist government until it was voted out of office in 2011. The winner of the legislative elections that year, the All India Trinamool (or Trinamul) Congress (AITC), had been an ally in what was then the Congress Party’s national ruling coalition government. The AITC’s founder and leader, Mamata Banerjee, became the state’s first female chief minister (head of government).
Change in Bengal
There was a major change in the politics of West Bengal when the Left Front defeated the Indian National Congress in the 1977 assembly elections. The Communist Party of India (Marxist) -led Left Front has ruled for the state for the subsequent three decades.
Battle for Bengal
Kolkata has 11 assembly constituencies, all of which are going to polls in the last two phases of West Bengal Assembly elections. In the 2016 assembly elections, the Trinamool had won all these seats, but in the 2019 Lok Sabha polls, BJP was leading in three.
That’s all about The History of West Bengal Politics.